Collateral consequences

Collateral consequences

Experts have identified more than 40,000 “collateral consequences” at the state and federal levels that can limit or prohibit access to employment, occupational licensing, public benefits, housing, voting, education, and other opportunities for justice involved individuals. As many as one in three Americans have some type of criminal record that precludes opportunities to economic mobility and disproportionately impacts traditionally marginalized communities and communities of color.

Collateral consequences act as a significant barrier to the successful reintegration of formerly incarcerated individuals, which can lead to increased recidivism that perpetuates the damaging cycle of mass incarceration among low-income communities and communities of color. Where and how people can legally and safely contribute to the economy and their own wellbeing should not be limited by debts already paid to society.

CLASP’s work in this space also includes the psychological impact of incarceration on the individual and their families.


Mar 15, 2019 | Report/Brief | Darrel Thompson

In many states, people with drug-related felony convictions are banned from SNAP and TANF. This impedes successful reentry.

Dec 10, 2018 | Testimony/Comments | CLASP

CLASP submitted these comments to the Regulations.gov on December 9, 2018. CLASP strongly opposes the Department of Homeland Security’s proposed regulation regarding public charge. We urge that the rule be withdrawn in its entirety, and that long standing principles clarified in the 1999 field guidance remain in effect.The proposed regulation is unjustified, contradictory to available research, and goes far beyond the agency’s authority and Congressional intent.

May 21, 2018 | Report/Brief | Duy Pham

This brief explains how Ohio is aligning education and training opportunities for people who are currently or formerly incarcerated. 

Nov 8, 2017 | Report/Brief | Duy Pham

This brief examines how Indiana is aligning education and training opportunities for people who are currently or formerly incarcerated.

Jun 30, 2017 | Report/Brief | Duy Pham

This brief examines how California is aligning education and training opportunities for people who are currently or formerly incarcerated.

Jun 16, 2017 | Testimony/Comments | CLASP

These comments to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights discuss how collateral consequences affect formerly incarcerated people and their families. The impact is both tangible and psychological, creating major challenges to reintegrating into society.

Apr 10, 2017 | Report/Brief | Duy Pham

This paper provides reflections on CLASP's October 2016 forum, Reconnecting Justice: Pathways to Effective Reentry through Correctional Education and Training, and lays out our agenda ahead.

Pages