TANF Education and Training Resources
Due to a combination of TANF work participation rate requirements, various federal regulations, and a general "work first" approach, many states have provided few opportunities for TANF recipients to participate in education and training. However, some states have bucked this trend by creating successful education and training programs in spite of limits imposed by federal rules. Below are resources that highlight innovative state strategies, opportunities, and CLASP federal policy recommendations on education and training within the TANF program.
- Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative - Josh Bone, CLASP (April 2010)
CPI allows students to choose among various education and training pathways that lead to jobs in high-demand fields that pay family-sustaining wages. Students receive support services, tutoring, and counseling.
- Kentucky's Ready-to-Work Program - Josh Bone, CLASP (January 2010)
Ready-to-Work provides students with a comprehensive set of counseling and support services and opportunities for work-study. Students can pursue postsecondary degrees and credentials, education leading to a GED, and/or remedial education.
- Maine's Parents as Scholars - Josh Bone, CLASP (July 2010)
Parents as Scholars program provides a range of services to Maine TANF participants who are pursuing two-year or four-year postsecondary degrees. Students who participate in PaS receive a range of support services, including transportation, child care, required books and supplies that are not covered by financial aid grants.
- Oklahoma's Special Projects Program - Elizabeth Kenefick (July 2011)
The Special Projects provide a comprehensive range of services to help TANF recipients successfully pursue postsecondary degrees and credentials at Oklahoma's community colleges and technology center campuses. Students participate in a "joint staffing" to create a career pathway plan and determine the appropriate next steps for eventually securing employment.
- Pennsylvania's Keystone Education Yields Success (KEYS) Program - Josh Bone, CLASP (April 2010)
KEYS provides support services and counseling to students pursuing postsecondary education and training at community colleges, while allowing those students up to 24 months (with the possibility of extensions) to complete their degrees and credentials.
- Funding Career Pathways and Career Pathway Bridges: TANF - CLASP (October 2010)
To combat the disconnect between the education and training systems and the labor market and ease the transition into postsecondary education, many states are adopting a career pathways approach to providing education and training to low-skilled adults and out-of-school youth. Career pathways are linked education and training services that "enable students, often while they are working, to advance over time to successively higher levels of education and employment in a given industry or occupational sector."* Career pathways is not a separate program in itself but rather a framework that weaves together existing adult education, training, and college programs into a pathway that streamlines the path to postsecondary education and credentials. CLASP developed the Funding Career Pathways and Career Pathway Bridges Toolkit to help interagency state teams identify and use federal resources to support these models. The TANF program was a federal resource identified.
Distance Learning Can Help Low-Income Parents Attend School: TANF Agencies Should Adopt Supportive Policies (Revised) - Matt Lewis, CLASP (July 2009)
In the wake of the interim rules implementing the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, several states have expressed concerns about distance learning programs meeting the work verification requirements established by the US Department of Health and Human Services under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. This paper identifies language from HHS-approved work verification plans that other states can adopt in order to maximize access to distance learning and raise work participation rates. It also highlights some restrictive and burdensome language that should be dropped from work verification plans.
Education and Training for TANF Recipients: Opportunities and Challenges under the Final Rule - Elizabeth Lower-Basch, CLASP (March 2008)
On February 5, 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services published the final rules implementing changes in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program made by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. This paper explains the changes in the new rules that affect recipients' access to education and training, and the actions that states will need to take in order to take advantage of these changes. Many welfare recipients lack the education needed to successfully compete in the labor market
Implementing the TANF Changes in the DRA: "Win-Win" Solutions for Families and States, Second Edition - CLASP and CBPP (January 2007)
This report from CLASP and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is intended to guide state administrators and advocates as they consider implementing the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) provisions of the 2006 federal budget, called the Deficit Reduction Act (DRA). It has been updated to reflect the Interim Final Rule and guidance issued by HHS in response to states' Work Verification Plans.
TANF's Role in Expanding Economic Opportunity - Julie Strawn, CLASP (April 2010)
Testimony of Julie Strawn at a House Ways and Means Committee hearing on the role of education and training in the TANF program.
Improving Access to Education and Training for TANF Participants - Elizabeth Lower-Basch, CLASP (May 2007)
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant is one of the major sources of funding for services designed to help low-income parents succeed in the workplace. The TANF law limits the degree to which states can count TANF families engaged in education and training activities toward federal work participation rate requirements--an unfortunate limitation, given the strong link between educational attainment and earnings. In this two-pager, CLASP recommends that Congress remove these arbitrary limits on education and training.