Mar 10, 2014 | PERMALINK »
President’s 2015 Budget Proposal and Boys/Young Men of Color
President Obama has signaled his support of boys and young men of color in very tangible ways during his 2014 State of the Union address, and in his announcement of the My Brother’s Keeper Initiative, a partnership between government, philanthropy, and corporations aimed at ensuring boys of color are successful. The President’s 2015 budget proposal is the latest demonstration of his commitment to communities of color through expanded and new investments in key areas such as education, youth employment, juvenile justice, mental health, violence reduction, and strengthening communities.
CLASP’s youth work is centered on the idea that it takes a collective and continuous approach to working with youth to ensure that young people remain on a path of ongoing academic achievement, high school graduation, postsecondary enrollment and completion, and solid employment. Currently, young people of color face lesser outcomes than their white peers in each of these areas, with those living in poverty faring the worst. Failure to face this national dilemma and identify solutions has deleterious implications for the nation and communities of color. The President’s budget proposal lays out key investments and ideas that touch youth at critical times in their development and that address issues of concern for communities of color.
A few highlighted opportunities in the President’s proposed budget that have particular impact on boys and young men of color are:
Increase equity and opportunity for students of color along the entire education pipeline.
- Expand access to high-quality early learning through increases in the Child Care and Development Block Grant, Head Start, Early Head Start, preschool development grants, the Maternal and Infant Early Childhood Home Visitation program, and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Part C).
- Fund a new $300 million Race to the Top Equity and Opportunity competition centered on increasing the academic performance of high-need students and closing the achievement gap. This competition is based on recommendations from the Equity and Excellence Commission’s report, “For Each and Every Child: A Strategy for Education Equity and Excellence”.
- Invest in community-level programs serving school-aged children through a $43.3 million expansion of the Promise Neighborhoods to serve 35 additional communities.
- Support innovative strategies and practices that improve college completion rates and make college more affordable for low-income students through the First in the World fund.
Improve the health and well-being of youth of color.
- Improve and expand mental health services for youth and families through a $164 million investment in the President’s Now is the Time initiative, which includes $20 million to support transitioning youth ages 16-25, and $50 million to train mental health workers to work better with youth.
- Make targeted improvements to the Medicaid program to increase accessibility of mental health services, particularly for youth.
- Strengthen health services for the American Indian/Alaska native community through $4.6 billion in resources for the Indian Health Service (IHS) to strengthen services and improve accessibility.
- Through the President’s Opportunity, Growth and Security Initiative, fund construction of two new Indian Health Service healthcare facilities to improve the health of American Indians and Alaska natives.
Address issues of violence and concentrated poverty in communities and schools.
- Make schools safer through the President’s Now Is the Time initiative to reduce gun violence and prevent future tragedies.
- Transform communities of concentrated poverty through an expansion of the Choice Neighborhoods Program to serve an additional 7-10 neighborhoods ($120 million), and $15 billion in the Project Rebuild program to help communities reduce blight from foreclosed and abandoned homes.
Increase employment opportunities for youth of color and their families.
- Provide subsidized jobs for low-income individuals by redirecting $602 million in TANF to the Pathways to Jobs Initiative.
- Create summer and year-round job opportunities for 600,000 youth by investing $2.5 billion in mandatory funding for the Summer Jobs Plus Program.
- Increase job training and financial incentives for individuals in public housing through Jobs-Plus program.
Reduce ethnic and racial disparities in the juvenile justice system and help youth get back on track.
- Provide $80 million for Department of Labor programs that provide employment-centered services to adult and youth ex-offenders and at-risk youth. These programs reduce recidivism by providing counseling, job training, drug treatment, and other transitional assistance to former prisoners as they reintegrate into the job market and community life.
- Through the President’s Opportunity, Growth and Security Initiative, create a new youth investment initiative that will incentivize state efforts to increase the availability of alternatives to incarceration, reenroll youth back into school after confinement, and reduce ethnic and racial disparities in the juvenile justice system.
While the deliberations over this budget are just beginning and the extreme level of partisanship in Washington will make it a challenging process, these areas of investment present an encouraging picture. As this process moves forward, there may be opportunities to advocate for particular resources that would be critical to improving outcomes for boys and young men of color, particularly in communities where opportunities are vastly diminished. It is our hope that Congress and the Administration will be able to work together to advance a budget that is both fiscally responsible and sensitive to the issues facing so many communities of color and ensuring equitable outcomes for all.
Feb 28, 2014 | PERMALINK »
I Am My Brother's Keeper
Jan 31, 2014 | PERMALINK »
A National Spotlight on African American Achievement
By Kisha Bird
In the State of the Union address, the President sent a strong signal that we should focus not only on income equality, access to quality education at all age levels, and pipelines to a good job—all of which would have an impact of African American achievement—but also committed to building a new initiative that would address the unique challenges facing young men of color. This is an area ripe for innovation, partnership, and action to ensure these young men have ladders of opportunity that will allow them to excel in school, work, and life.
In support of this commitment, last week, the White House announced appointees to the President’s Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for African Americans. The appointment of these prominent leaders in the academic and African American community comes just over a year after the President’s Executive Order to establish the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans (White House Initiative). While housed within the U .S. Department of Education, the White House Initiative has worked across federal agencies to identify best practices that will improve educational outcomes for African Americans at all age levels—from early care and education to the successful completion of postsecondary credentials.
CLASP applauds the Obama Administration for its continued commitment to strengthening education for all Americans and for its attention to disadvantaged and non-traditional students. Investments in a range of polices and strategies that prepare students for school, provide academic and social supports to keep students connected to school, and promote lifelong learning are essential. We are especially supportive of the Administration’s acknowledgement that many of the nation's children and youth, specifically African Americans, do not begin at the same starting point.
Through their educational careers, African American students face a variety of hurdles that place their achievement at risk. While greater percentages of African American children are enrolling in early learning programs each year, they are less likely to attend programs that are high quality. African American students are more likely than whites to attend under-resourced schools that lack the well-rounded teaching and counseling staff, rigorous curriculum, and supportive services that prepare students for postsecondary education. African American students are also disproportionately impacted by school and district discipline policies that serve to push students out of school, are more likely to live in communities of concentrated poverty where violence and trauma impact their development and learning, and are far less likely than other ethnic groups to complete high school on time.
There is a lot that we already know about what works to improve educational outcomes for African Americans. The field focused on African American male achievement has advanced in recent years. As an ardent advocate, CLASP has supported leadership activities in this space to lift up research-based practices and outline federal, state, and local policy reforms in partnership with prominent stakeholders. In 2012, CLASP created the Partnership Circle for Boys and Young Men of Color to establish a venue for national policy organizations, advocacy groups, and researchers to discuss policy opportunities that may improve education, employment, and health outcomes for boys and young men (ages 12-24) of color. Our efforts are reinforced and informed by the commitments of many others, including the philanthropic community, which has demonstrated considerable leadership in this area. Notably, last spring, 26 foundations joined together to make a public commitment to form an alliance to address the issues facing this population, explore promising strategies, and invest in research to support action.
In the coming weeks, CLASP’s Partnership Circle will offer key recommendations to the President’s Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for African Americans as it explores strategies to improve outcomes for African American students. Recommendations include:
- Advance solutions for naming, increasing understanding of, and addressing implicit bias in education.
- Encourage a community-wide approach to address poverty as an impediment to academic success.
- Decrease disparities in school discipline.
- Elevate middle school as a critical time for intervention for African American students.
- Redesign the high school experience in high-minority schools to support college and career readiness.
- Invest in the recovery of African American students who have dropped out of school.
- Foster policies that support postsecondary access and completion for African American students.
Read more about CLASPs Youth Policy work and our focus on improving education and employment outcomes for youth of color.