In Focus: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Oct 20, 2014 | PERMALINK »
Food and Nutrition Service Releases Q&A on SNAP E&T Pilots
By Helly Lee
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment and Training (SNAP E&T) pilots are a highly anticipated opportunity to develop and implement innovative strategies that can shape and strengthen future policymaking. As interested states and their local partners plan their applications, numerous questions arise about what is allowable under the pilots.
On October 10th, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) released part two of their Q&A addressing questions from potential applicants. Topics include work requirements, time limits, pilot participants, screening, and allowable activities. Part one addressed eligible applicants, maintenance of effort, pilot funding versus 50-percent reimbursements, supplanting, financial questions, and evaluation design. The Q&A provides information that can help states and their local partners fine tune their applications to ensure they align with the goals of the pilots and the guidance detailed in the Request for Applications (RFA).
According to the Q&A, only state agencies that administer SNAP are eligible to apply for the pilots; however, they may partner with other local entities and clearly describe their respective roles in the application. Partners must also submit a letter of commitment with the application. The opportunity for partnerships between state agencies and local partners is a key feature, fostering collaboration among stakeholders that advances their shared goal: helping SNAP participants enter the workforce or secure better-paying jobs.
While the pilots provide an opportunity to test innovative strategies, state agencies must still adhere to federal rules, including statutory definitions of eligible activities. For example, Able Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD) who are not working or participating in a qualifying activity are still subject to the three-month time limit on SNAP receipt (unless the pilot is operating in an area that is covered by a waiver of this time limit). Additionally, pilots may not compel individuals to participate if they are already exempt from SNAP work requirements under federal law. States do have discretion to select participants from the population of work registrants or to serve other SNAP recipients on a voluntary basis. However, no more than 15 percent of participants can be non-work-registrants.
Pilot states are also able to access the 50-percent reimbursement funds available for the SNAP E&T program. In addition to providing pilot grant funds, FNS will continue to reimburse agencies for allowable expenditures that comply with current law and regulations. FNS will offer technical assistance to grantees throughout the process for 50-percent reimbursements. Applicants must indicate the reimbursement amounts anticipated in each year of their pilot project.
The pilots and SNAP E&T 50-percent reimbursement funds are critical resources that allow states to test and highlight strategies that will help SNAP participants enter the workforce or obtain better employment. Interested state SNAP agencies and their partners have until November 24, 2014 to submit their applications. Pilot awardees are anticipated to be announced in February 2015.
For more information about the SNAP E&T pilots, see:
Sep 17, 2014 | PERMALINK »
House Holds Hearing on SNAP E&T Pilots
By Helly Lee
Today, the House Committee on Agriculture hosted a hearing on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Employment and Training (E&T) pilots created by the 2014 Farm Bill. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Vilsack was called to testify before the Committee on the implementation of the pilots.
As we mentioned in a recent blog post, USDA released their Request for Applications (RFA) for the pilots on August 25th. While the implementation of the pilot program is still in its early stages, it was clear at today’s hearing that Congress will be looking at the pilots for innovative and successful strategies that will inform future policy making. In his testimony and in his answers to the members’ questions, Secretary Vilsack reiterated a few key points:
- The purpose of the pilots is to better understand the barriers that SNAP participants face and help get more people into work and prepare them for better jobs. The majority of SNAP participants who can work already do, but do not make enough to lift them out of poverty.
- The guidelines put forth in the RFA cast a wide net for innovative ideas and proposals from states and are designed to allow states and local partners the room to propose creative strategies to help reduce the number of people who need SNAP.
- There is great emphasis on collaboration. The RFA requires a commitment from applicants to collaborate with State workforce and job training programs. USDA encourages proposals which include strategies that engage workforce, SNAP and other partners.
Secretary Vilsack also mentioned the work that he has already done to engage the Department of Labor and his efforts to directly connect with Governors across the country to inform them of this pilot opportunity. He observed that many Governors told him that they had not been aware of the pilots. This highlights the need for state advocates to also engage high level policymakers to ensure they are aware of the pilots and the opportunity to develop innovative strategies that support SNAP participants.
The deadline for applications is November 24. Applicants may submit questions regarding the RFA to USDA by this Friday, September 19th. USDA asks states intending to apply to submit a letter of intent by following Friday, September 26th.
For more information about SNAP E&T and the pilots, visit CLASP’s SNAP E&T resources page.
Sep 4, 2014 | PERMALINK »
Economy Slowly Recovers but Millions Still Hungry
By Helly Lee
Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released its Household Food Security in the United States in 2013 report, which revealed that more than 49.1 million people (or 14.3 percent of households), including 15.8 million children, struggled with food insecurity in 2013. Those with food insecurity had difficulty at some time during the year in providing enough food for all their household members due to a lack of resources. These numbers are a slight change (but not statistically significant) from the 14.5 percent of households that were food insecure in 2012. In 2013, 6.8 million households (5.6 percent) faced very low food security, meaning that one or more household members experienced reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns at times during the year.
While the food insecurity rates were largely unchanged from the previous year, the report shows that there’s still much to be done to alleviate hunger across the country. Food insecurity remains significantly higher than the 11.1 percent rate in 2007 before the recession.
The rates and severity of food insecurity also vary by location. For example, states like Arkansas (21.2 percent), Mississippi (21.1 percent) and Texas (18 percent) ranked highest among food-insecure households, well above the national rate.
There are also large disparities in the rates of food insecurity across racial and ethnic categories. While 10.6 percent of White, non-Hispanic households experienced food insecurity in 2013 (below the national rate of 14.3 percent), Black (26.1 percent) and Hispanic (23.7 percent) households experienced significantly higher food insecurity than the national rate and more than double that of White households.
Households with children also experienced food insecurity at a much higher rate (19.5 percent). This is concerning because scientific evidence shows that children need to have adequate nutrition to excel in school and grow. Recent research by Children’s HealthWatch reveals that, when compared to children under the age of four who were food secure, young children at risk of food insecurity were 56 percent more likely to be in fair or poor health, and 60 percent were more likely to be at risk for developmental delays.
The release of USDA’s report is a reminder that while the economy is slowly recovering, millions still struggle to make ends meet and put food on the table. Federal nutrition programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the National School Lunch Program and the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program remain critical supports for families and children who do not have access to adequate nutrition. However, even as the needs remain, continued threats can weaken the reach of these vital programs. In November 2013, nearly every SNAP household endured a cut when Congress failed to enact legislation to extend the 2009 Recovery Act’s boost (a maximum monthly benefit increase by 13.6 percent) to the benefits, further compromising the food security of households already struggling economically.
Congress has the opportunity to strengthen vital federal child nutrition programs in the upcoming year through the Child Nutrition Reauthorization Act and through steadfast protection of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in future policymaking.