In Focus: Business Leadership and Job Quality
May 16, 2016 | PERMALINK »
During Healthy Families Act Days of Action, Business Owners Stress Benefits of Paid Sick Time
This week, more than 30 jurisdictions across the country are celebrating the success of their paid sick time laws and calling on Congress to pass the federal Healthy Families Act (HFA). During these “Days of Action,” which culminate on June 15 with events for both houses of Congress in Washington, D.C., employers who have implemented local and state paid sick time laws will share an important message with businesses nationwide: you have nothing to fear.
When faced with new paid sick time laws, some employers fear the laws will be bad for business. In most cases, these concerns prove unfounded when the law is actually implemented.
Tony Juliano, former general manager of XES Lounge in New York City, explains that before the city’s paid sick time law passed, “there were concerns that I and other small businesses had. But as it turns out, it hasn’t had the kind of impact that I worried about. Not even close. And in fact, the impact that I saw in my business was a much stronger bond between ourselves and our employees, higher productivity, and a more successful business, not a less successful business.”
As president of the local chamber of commerce at the time, Juliano was concerned “that the law might put some small employers out of business or at least make them cut jobs. But in fact, I don’t know anybody that has actually had to cut people because of this policy. I also thought there might be abuse. But in our case there was no abuse. There was absolutely no abuse.”
Once the law took effect, Juliano saw that his employees not only enjoyed greater financial stability with paid sick time, but also showed greater loyalty to the business. The policy helped him retain valued employees who showed real dedication to their work. “It really has a lot to do with motivating employees, getting higher productivity, and improving the employee-employer relationship. It also allows them to pay their rent. So there’s real benefit on both sides.” He adds, “I talk to other employers. I think many would agree with me.”
Research suggests that the HFA will allow business owners nationwide to enjoy the same benefits Juliano has seen. Evidence from several jurisdictions shows that paid sick time laws have not hurt employers. One and a half years after Connecticut became the first state to implement a paid sick time law, researchers found that the law had had either no or small financial effects on businesses, most employers said their employees did not abuse their sick time, and three quarters of employers supported the law. In the first year New York City’s law was in effect, the city’s unemployment rate plummeted and new private-sector businesses opened 36 percent faster than they did the previous year. Moreover, a new cross-jurisdictional study has found no evidence of declining wages or employment rates in places with paid sick time laws.
These studies underscore why business owners and managers like Tony Juliano support paid sick time legislation. They find that offering paid sick time helps them retain good employees and keep their workplaces healthy. This week’s HFA Days of Action will promote these crucial benefits to lawmakers and the nation.
Jun 19, 2015 | PERMALINK »
D.C. Workers Have Too Few Hours, Too Little Notice
In a town where highflying lobbyists, Capitol Hill power brokers, and political campaign aficionados are known to work long, arduous hours, a “West Wing” fantasy can distract people from poverty and inequality. According to a new study, workers in Washington, D.C. often receive their schedules with just a few days’ notice. They also struggle to get enough hours to make ends meet and are expected to make themselves available at all hours of the day despite rarely receiving work.
The study, released last week by DC Jobs With Justice, DC Fiscal Policy Institute, and Georgetown University’s Kalmanovitz Initiative, highlights a set of scheduling challenges with which workers are contending nationwide. The groups’ survey found that 80 percent of respondents wanted more hours; in the absences of sufficient hours and pay, nearly a quarter of workers in the study were working multiple jobs.
A national study of early-career workers ages 26 to 32, released last year, found that nearly 40 percent were receiving one week or less notice of their job schedules. The D.C. study takes this question to a finer gradation. It finds that nearly half of surveyed workers in D.C. receive less than one week’s notice and one-third receive less than three days’ notice. Among retail and restaurant workers, nearly one-third receive less than 24 hours’ notice of schedule changes. Workers with families to care for, classes to attend, second jobs, or other obligations cannot sustain these fly-by-night scheduling practices.
The movement for fair, sustainable job schedules is gaining momentum across the country. Over the past year, public concern around unfair job scheduling practices has led about 10 states to introduce legislation to expand workers’ rights. The federal Schedules that Work Act, first introduced last year, is likely to be re-introduced in the coming months. And last year, a coalition of worker’s rights groups in San Francisco, led by Jobs With Justice, helped pass the nation’s first “Retail Workers’ Bill of Rights,” which includes advance notice of schedules, compensation for last-minute schedule changes, and access to hours for part-time employees.
The new D.C. survey shows that action is needed in the District, too. Some employers, such as child care center owner Marcia St. Hilaire-Finn, are doing the right thing. “Having happy employees is critical for the success of our business,” St. Hilaire-Finn said. “Fair and flexible scheduling is one way we accomplish this.” She provides at least two weeks’ notice to her employees and accommodates staff requests for flexibility.
Unfortunately, too many employers are ignoring the business case for fair scheduling. That’s why public policies to create minimum standards for workers’ schedules are needed. Employers like St. Hilarie-Finn and others agree that policy solutions are needed to extend the benefits they already extend to all workers.
In the coming months, we expect the momentum to continue on this critical job quality issue—here in the District and all across the country.
Apr 1, 2015 | PERMALINK »
More State and Local Governments Now Offer Paid Family Leave
By Felicia Onuma
Today, the United States is the only developed nation that does not guarantee workers paid maternity leave. It also trails most other countries in offering paid paternity, family, medical, and sick leave. Because each parent works in most families with children, the lack of a nationwide paid family leave law makes it difficult to balance jobs and parenting. In the absence of federal action, some state and local governments have taken the lead by offering paid family or parental leave to their public employees.
Without paid family leave, many Americans are forced to cobble together unused sick, personal, or vacation days to care for a new child. In most cases, this makeshift leave is far less than they need. For other workers, the situation even is worse. Nearly half of all workers in the lowest 25 percent of wage earners have no paid time off (personal, sick, family, or vacation leave). Certain employees who meet tenure requirements at companies with 50 or more workers are able to access unpaid, job-protected leave through the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). This leave can be used to recover from child birth, bond with a new child, care for a sick family member, or address personal health problems. But 40 percent of workers are not covered by FMLA, and many who are can’t afford to take unpaid leave.
State and city governments employ over 19 million people. Contrary to political rhetoric, many state and city employees receive less compensation (including pay and benefits) than their private-sector counterparts. For these workers, access to paid leave is critical to family economic security. Fortunately, a growing number of states and cities are stepping up to provide this important benefit.
Allegheny County, PA and Seattle, WA are the most recent jurisdictions to institute paid leave policies for public employees. According to Allegheny County Executive Rich Fitzgerald, implementing this policy “is the right thing to do for our employees, for their children, and for our county.” He noted: “We benefit as a community when employees succeed at work and at home.” In an op-ed, Seattle Mayor Ed Murray and City Councilmember Jean Godden declared: “It is time for our country to recognize the importance of this issue and respond with appropriate policies that support our workers and their families.” Murray and Godden further explain how paid leave benefits workplace gender equity, child development, and business.
Allegheny County will provide six weeks of paid parental leave for full-time employees who have worked for the county for at least a year, while Seattle will offer its employees four weeks of paid parental leave.
Heidi Goldberg, program director for early childhood and family economic success at the National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education, and Families, observes that “cities such as Seattle that are establishing paid parental leave for city employees are modeling strong policies that are good for both business and for communities. Ensuring that parents can care for their children without losing their jobs does a great deal to equalize the playing field for low-income families while boosting a city’s overall economic health through increased job stability.”
Other cities and counties offering paid family leave to government workers include San Francisco, CA; Pittsburgh, PA; St. Paul, MN; Brooklyn Park, MN; St. Petersburg, FL; Chicago, IL; Austin, TX and King County, WA. Six states have also enacted paid family leave policies: California, Illinois, New Jersey, Ohio, Rhode Island, and Virginia.
Resources on state and local government employee paid leave policies and other paid leave policy developments are available here:
- Expecting Better: A State-by-State Analysis of Laws that Help New Parents, from the National Partnership for Women & Families.
- Family Friendly Workplace Laws Taking Effect in Early 2015, from National Partnership for Women & Families.
- FAQ on the Family and Medical Insurance Leave (FAMILY) Act, federal paid family and medical leave legislation, from CLASP
- Videos on the benefits of paid leave for employers, from CLASP
- Better Workplaces, Better Businesses, a website on employer support for paid leave.