Career Pathways Take the Next Step toward Quality and Scale
Feb 14, 2013
By Vickie Choitz, Marcie W.M. Foster, and Patrick Reimherr
Over the last decade, career pathways have evolved as an innovative approach to assist individuals in gaining marketable credentials and good jobs and to help employers access a skilled workforce. Postsecondary credentials (including both marketable noncredit, industry-based credentials such as Certified Manufacturing Technologist or Wind Turbine Technician and more traditional two- and four-year degrees) can be an avenue out of poverty and a lifetime of low-wage work. However, the nation’s education and workforce development systems have not been designed to provide all workers with a seamless path to earning these credentials.
Despite all good intentions, the current state of our education and workforce systems too often results in shortcomings that can block the road to educational and economic success for low-income workers. For instance, the education and training pathway is disjointed: adult education and college developmental education are often disconnected from workforce education services. These disconnects can make it more difficult for students to progress from one level of education to the next or to transfer from one educational system to another. Also, in many cases, today’s education and workforce development systems lack structures to help students navigate the disconnects, obtain critical support services, and gain the “college knowledge” necessary for success in postsecondary education. Finally, students facing economic pressure to work and support their families may not see the relevance of traditionally delivered education and discontinue before making headway toward earning credentials and securing better jobs.
A career pathway approach reorients existing education and workforce services from a myriad of disconnected programs to a coordinated structure that focuses on the individuals in need of education and training and corresponding career paths. This approach also provides clear transitions, strong supports, and other elements critical to the success of participants. It is not simply a new model; it is a new way of doing business – for education and training institutions, employers, students, community organizations, agency staff, and policymakers. Adopting a career pathway approach means redesigning the delivery of education, training, and employment services to be much more integrated, aligned, and participant-centered.
Last summer, CLASP launched the Alliance for Quality Career Pathways, a two-year, state-driven, CLASP-led effort to identify (1) criteria for high-quality career pathway systems and (2) a set of shared performance metrics for measuring and managing their success. The 10 states in the Alliance are leading the nation in experience with and scale of career pathway efforts. These states are Arkansas, California, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oregon, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. The Alliance recognizes that there are many different types of career pathways for different types of students and workers, and a comprehensive career pathway system provides an inclusive umbrella for all of them. The Alliance’s niche in this broad vision is to develop a framework for career pathways focusing on educationally underprepared youth and adults.
In the first phase of the Alliance, CLASP released two products this week:
- The Alliance for Quality Career Pathways Approach: Developing Criteria and Metrics for Quality Career Pathways - A Working Paper
- A Framework for Measuring Career Pathway Innovation - A Working Paper