Child Care Subsidies

Child care subsidies make quality child care more affordable, support the healthy development of children, and help low-income parents access the child care they need to go to work or to school to support their families. CLASP develops and promotes child care subsidy policies that expand access to assistance for low-income families, improve the quality of child care across settings, and help child care providers access the supports they need to provide high-quality care. We analyze state and national child care subsidy data to help advocates and policymakers better understand state policies and make the case for effective policies. For state child care assistance fact sheets, go to In the States.

Aug 26, 2014  |  PERMALINK »

New Fact Sheets on 2012 CCDBG Participation at All Ages

By Hannah Matthews and Rhiannon Reeves

Three new fact sheets from CLASP provide information on child care services funded by the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). In 2012, the program provided child care assistance for 1.5 million children. CCDBG is the primary source of federal funding for child care subsidies for low-income working families and to improve child care quality. It typically provides child care assistance to children from birth to age 13.

Based on preliminary state-reported data from the federal Office of Child Care, the fact sheets reveal the great variability in child care assistance programs among states. In 2012, highlights include:

  • The number of children receiving CCDBG-funded child care fell to its lowest levels since 1998. Several states reported decreases of up to 35 percent in numbers of children served between 2011 and 2012.
  • Ninety-three percent of families receiving CCDBG were working and/or in education or training programs.
  • CCDBG serves children from diverse backgrounds. Forty-three percent of children served were white; 42 percent were African American; 1 percent were Native American or Alaskan Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; 3 percent were multi-racial; and a race was not reported for 8 percent of children.
  • Sixty-three percent of CCDBG families paid co-payments for child care, with the mean co-payment amount being 7 percent of a family’s income.

Fact sheets on Infants and Toddlers in CCDBG: 2012 Update and School-Age Children in CCDGB: 2012 Update highlight key information about younger and older groups of children receiving child care assistance through CCDBG.

  • Nationally, 28 percent of children served by CCDBG in 2012 were under age 3, 39 percent were ages 3 to 5, and 33 percent were ages 6 to 13.
  • Nearly 64 percent of infants and toddlers in CCDBG live in families with household incomes below the federal poverty level.
  • Sixty-five percent of infants, 70 percent of toddlers, and 62 percent of school-aged children served through CCDBG are cared for in center-based settings.

State-specific information on CCDBG participation is also available via CLASP's DataFinder tool.

View CCDBG Participation in 2012 fact sheets here>>

View Infants and Toddlers in CCDBG: 2012 Update here>>

View School-Age Children in CCDGB: 2012 Update here>>

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