Child Care Subsidies

Child care subsidies make quality child care more affordable, support the healthy development of children, and help low-income parents access the child care they need to go to work or to school to support their families. CLASP develops and promotes child care subsidy policies that expand access to assistance for low-income families, improve the quality of child care across settings, and help child care providers access the supports they need to provide high-quality care. We analyze state and national child care subsidy data to help advocates and policymakers better understand state policies and make the case for effective policies. For state child care assistance fact sheets, go to In the States.

Sep 14, 2015  |  PERMALINK »

Release of 2013 CCDBG Participation Fact Sheets

By Christina Walker

CLASP has released new fact sheets with participation information on children and families using federal Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) funds to help policymakers, administrators, advocates and others understand the impact and reach of the program.   CCDBG funds can be used by states to provide child care assistance to children from birth to age 13. Child care subsidies help make quality child care affordable for low-income parents, increasing the number of low-income children in high-quality care and supporting their development, while also strengthening their families’ economic security.

Based on state-reported data from the federal Office of Child Care, the fact sheets detail variations in child care subsidy programs across the country. Overall, in 2013:

  • The number of children served by CCDBG continues to fall, with fewer than 1.46 million children served on average each month in 2013. This represented the fewest children served since 1998.
  • Of children served by CCDBG, 43 percent were white; 42 percent were black or African American; 3 percent were multi-racial; 2 percent were Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders; 1 percent were Native American or Alaskan Native and Asian. Twenty-two percent of children served were Hispanic or Latino, regardless of race.
  • Ninety-four percent of families receiving child care subsidies were working and/or in an education or training program.
  • Seventy percent of children were cared for in center-based settings, 19 percent in family child care homes, 6 percent in group homes, and 4 percent in their own homes.
  • Sixty-four percent of CCDBG families paid co-payments for child care; for those families with a co-payment, the mean amount was 7 percent of family income.

Fact sheets on infants and toddlers, preschoolers, and school-age children highlight information about child care assistance through CCDBG in 2013:

  • Twenty-seven percent of children served were under age 3, 39 percent were ages 3 through 5, and 34 percent were ages 6 to 13.
  • Sixty-seven percent of infants, 72 percent of toddlers, 76 percent of preschoolers, and 64 percent of school-age children receiving CCDBG were cared for in center-based child care settings. A family child care home was the second most common setting across all age groups.

The fact sheets are based on 2013 final data.  The 2014 preliminary data was recently released by the Office of Child Care, and analysis is forthcoming.

State-specific information on CCDBG participation is also available via CLASP’s DataFinder tool.

View CCDBG Participation in 2013 fact sheet here>>

View Infants and Toddlers in CCDBG: 2013 Update here>>

View Preschoolers in CCDBG: 2013 Update here>>

View School-Age Children in CCDBG: 2013 Update here>>

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