Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014
December 19, 2014
Reauthorization and Implementation Resources
On November 19, 2014, President Obama signed into law the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014. CCDBG is the largest source of federal funding to provide child care assistance for low-income families and improve the quality of child care. CLASP advocates for increased funding for child care and policy improvements that support parental employment and children’s access to quality care.
The CCDBG Act of 2014, the first reauthorization of CCDBG in 18 years, marks an important step forward for improving the health, safety, and quality of child care and making it less burdensome for families to get and keep child care assistance. We will only realize the full potential of the law with the significant investments necessary to implement its provisions.
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Changes to the updated law include the following:
Health, Safety, and Quality
- Providers receiving CCDBG funds must participate in pre-service and ongoing training and professional development in specified areas, including safe sleep practices.
- All non-relative providers receiving CCDBG funds must undergo comprehensive criminal background checks.
- Licensed providers must be subject to one pre-licensure inspection and at least one annual unannounced inspection.
- Non-relative, license-exempt providers receiving CCDBG funds must be subject to one annual inspection for compliance with health, safety, and fire standards.
- States must provide information about available child care services, the quality of child care, and other early education and public benefit programs.
- The amount states are required to spend on initiatives to improve child care quality increases from 4 percent to 9 percent. In addition, states must spend 3 percent of funds on initiatives that increase the supply and quality of infant/toddler care.
- States must develop strategies to increase the supply and quality of various types of child care, including for underserved areas, infants and toddlers, children with disabilities, and children in need of care during nontraditional hours.
- States’ provider payment practices must reflect generally accepted payment practices for child care.
Support for Working Families
- Children must be considered eligible for child care subsidies for a minimum of 12 months before having their eligibility re-determined and are to be considered eligible regardless of temporary changes in the parent's work or education status or household income as long as families remain under the federal income eligibility threshold. If a parent loses employment, a state may choose to terminate assistance only after allowing for 3 months of job search.
- States must take into account fluctuations in household earnings when determining and re-determining income eligibility.
- At redetermination, states must provide a graduated phase out of assistance for families whose income has increased but remains below the federal income eligibility threshold.
- State redetermination processes should not require parents to unduly disrupt employment through overly burdensome procedures or requirements.
CLASP looks forward to working with federal and state policymakers on a successful implementation of CCDBG that ensures better access to quality care for low-income children. CLASP is working with the National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) on a CCDBG implementation guide, expected to be completed in February 2015. Check back here for that and other resources as they become available. CLASP staff is available for technical assistance on this legislation. Please contact Hannah Matthews, Director of Child Care and Early Education at CLASP.
Please find CLASP resources on the CCDBG Act of 2014 and related topics:
- Federal Legislation to Improve Job Schedules and Child Care Access for Low-Wage Workers. This fact sheet highlights key provisions of the Schedules that Work Act and CCDBG Act of 2014 that would improve access to child care for parents with volatile schedules (Nov 19, 2014).
- Audio Conference: Job Schedules: Child Care and Subsidies. Recording and transcript of audio conference on volatile work schedules and access to child care subsidies (Nov 19, 2014).
- Audio Conference: Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014. Experts from CLASP, NWLC, and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) discuss the House-passed CCDBG bill, which was later approved by the Senate and signed into law (Oct 2, 2014).
Find more CLASP publications and resources on child care subsidies here.
- Text of CCDBG Act of 2014 (S. 1086). Reauthorizes the CCDBG program under the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (CCDBG Act) through FY 2020 at specified levels.
- Office of Child Care Reauthorization Resources. The Office of Child Care has compiled and is frequently updating a list of key resources regarding the 2014 CCDBG Act.
- NWLC House Passed Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014: Summary. This fact sheet summarizes the Child Care and Development Block Grant of 2014.
- NWLC Child Care and Development Block Grant Reauthorization: Changes To Previous Law. This chart compares the prior version of the law governing CCDBG with provisions of the reauthorization law.
- NWLC Child Care and Development Block Grant Reauthorization: Implementation Timeline. Outlines the timing of various provisions included in the CCDBG reauthorization.
- NWLC Child Care and Development Block Grant: Cost Estimates for Reauthorization. This fact sheet details the costs of CCDBG legislation.