Head Start Data Show Slight Changes in Use from 2010 to 2011

Feb 05, 2013

By Stephanie Schmit

Annually, CLASP does an analysis of the Program Information Report (PIR) from the Office of Head Start. Using the PIR data provided by all Head Start programs, we develop analyses on such issues as participation, access to services, staff qualifications, and family characteristics.  Policymakers and advocates use CLASP's analysis of PIR data to inform their decisions around allocation of Head Start resources, and additional early childhood policies and investments.

All Head Start programs (including Head Start preschool programs, Early Head Start, and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start) are required to complete the PIR on an annual basis. The PIR collects data on all children and pregnant women who participate in Head Start at any point during the program year, including those who do not complete the year.

The most recent PIR data show that:

  • Although in 2011 the number of Head Start preschool grantees decreased by 15 nationally, there was an increase of grantees for both Early Head Start (EHS) and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (MSHS) (21 and 1, respectively).
  • In 2011, Head Start programs increased their total funded capacity by 5,643 participants. This is due to an increase in EHS and MSHS slots and a small decrease in preschool Head Start capacity.
  • Total actual enrollment of participants increased by 224,190 in 2011. While 31,551 additional children and pregnant women enrolled in Early Head Start, there were small decreases in Head Start preschool and MSHS enrollment.
  • In 2011, 79% of all Head Start, Early Head Start and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Families accessed at least one family service through Head Start. This is up 3 percent from 2010. Fifty-two percent of families received health education. This is up from 49 percent in 2010.
  • In 2011, 63 percent of families using Head Start included at least one employed parent. This is down slightly from 65 percent in 2010.

Head Start and Early Head Start provide comprehensive, high-quality early care and education and support services to pregnant women, vulnerable young children from birth to kindergarten, and their families. 

Visit the CLASP DataFinder to find the latest available Head Start and Early Head Start calculations for your state >>

View the Head Start preschool and Early Head Start 2011 fact sheets >>

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