All Featured Highlights
- Sep 16, 2014 | CLASP Poverty Fell in 2013; Children and Young Adults Still Face the Greatest Risks CLASP examines the trends revealed in the Census Bureau's 2013 poverty data, including a decline in poverty among young children.
- Aug 26, 2014 | Hannah Matthews and Rhiannon Reeves Child Care and Development Block Grant Participation in 2012 Based on preliminary state-reported data from the federal Office of Child Care, this fact sheet provides a snapshot of CCDBG program participation in 2012, noting the great variability in child care assistance programs among states.
Jul 24, 2014
| Hannah Matthews and Christina Walker
Child Care Assistance: Helping Parents Work and Children Succeed
Quality child care enables parents to work or go to school while also providing young children with the early childhood education experiences needed for healthy development. The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) is the primary federal program that provides funding for child care assistance for low-income working parents. Child care assistance is a vital public investment that increases the sustainability of employment for low-income parents and provides stability for parents struggling to gain economic security. It also allows many parents to access higher quality care than they could otherwise afford.
Jun 02, 2014
| Gina Adams (UI) and Hannah Matthews (CLASP)
A New Vision for Child Care
This brief is based on Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze: Simplifying Child Care and Aligning with Other Work Supports, an in-depth guide to the policies and practices that allow states to simplify and align child care assistance, improve service delivery for clients, and reduce administrative burden for agencies.
- Mar 27, 2014 | Liz Ben-Ishai, Hannah Matthews and Jodie Levin-Epstein Scrambling for Stability: The Challenges of Job Schedule Volatility and Child Care
Apr 14, 2014
| Hannah Matthews and Stephanie Schmit
What State Leaders Should Know About Early Head Start
What State Leaders Should Know About Early Head Start provides a guide for state leaders less familiar with the Early Head Start program. It provides explanation on eleven Key areas of the Early Head Start program and suggests ways that state policymakers can align key areas of child care and early education with EHS.
Mar 20, 2014
| Stephanie Schmit, Olivia Golden, and William Beardslee (BOSTON CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL AND HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL)
Maternal Depression: Why It Matters to an Anti-Poverty Agenda for Parents and Children
Maternal depression is a major public health problem that interferes with a parent’s capacity to help a child develop and stymies their efforts to escape poverty. This brief summarizes the reasons early childhood and anti-poverty advocates should seize this moment to address the problem and create pathways out of poverty for both generations.
May 30, 2014
| Hannah Matthews
Does Head Start Work? Wrong Question
Decades of studies, including the most recent Head Start Impact Study, have found that at the end of Head Start, prior to kindergarten, the program shows wide-ranging positive effects on children and families from language and pre-reading abilities to parenting skills. And even though Head Start dates back to 1965, the latest research has proven its creators right about many basic principles.
- Jul 09, 2014 | Stephanie Schmit, Hannah Matthews, and Olivia Golden Thriving Children, Successful Parents: A Two-Generation Approach to Policy This brief examines major federal and state policy areas to identify opportunities for two-generation, large-scale change that better support families as a whole and provide a more conducive environment for local programs to do their work with families.
- Jun 18, 2014 Coming to America: Immigrant Parents’ Jobs Don’t Allow for Investments in Children
- Mar 10, 2014 | Stephanie Schmit (CLASP), Liz Schott (CBPP), LaDonna Pavetti (CBPP), and Hannah Matthews (CLASP) Effective, Evidence-Based Home Visiting Programs in Every State at Risk if Congress Does Not Extend Funding This report highlights the effectiveness of MIECHV and outlines the potential negative impacts if funding for the program is not extended.
- Feb 14, 2014 | Olivia Golden and Hannah Matthews CLASP Comments on Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships CLASP offered comments to the Administration for Children and Families on the upcoming Early Head Start-Child Care partnerships funding opportunity.
Feb 20, 2014
| Hannah Matthews and Stephanie Schmit
Child Care Assistance Spending and Participation in 2012
New analysis from CLASP shows state spending on child care assistance, including funds from two federal programs—the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant—at a 10-year low and the number of children receiving CCDBG-funded assistance at a 14-year low.
Dec 20, 2013
| Christine Johnson-Staub and Hannah Matthews
What's Good for the Parent is Good for the Child: Access to Health Care Coverage Benefits the Whole Family
Supporting healthy children isn't just about health coverage for kids. Covering parents is good for children too. Parents' access to health care supports effective parenting, while untreated physical and mental health problems can get in the way. The whole family is also more likely to be financially stable, as the burdens of unexpected health problems and related costs are lifted.
Dec 09, 2013
| Hannah Matthews, Gina Adams (The Urban Institute)
Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze: Simplifying and Aligning with Other Work Supports
This report helps states confront burdensome administrative processes that make it difficult for low-income families to get and keep child care benefits, and the cumulative challenges clients face in trying to access other benefits for which they are eligible (i.e. SNAP/Medicaid). Through concrete policy ideas and examples from states across the country, it offers an in-depth guide to help states not only simplify child care subsidy policies, but also to align child care policies with other work supports. With this information, states can identify strategies to improve access and retention of benefits, while improving service delivery and reducing administrative burden.
- Dec 02, 2013 | Stephanie Schmit and Hannah Matthews Investing in Young Children: A Fact Sheet on Early Care and Education Participation, Access, and Quality CLASP, together with the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), released "Investing in Young Children: A Fact Sheet on Early Care and Education Participation, Access, and Quality". The joint report reveals that significant underinvestment in early care and education programs at the state and federal levels has left large numbers of children underserved.
Sep 09, 2013
| Stephanie Schmit and Hannah Matthews
Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies
A new CLASP report provides a national picture of infant-toddler child care policies and finds that, collectively, states could be doing far better meeting the needs of our youngest children and their families.
- Sep 13, 2012 | Stephanie Schmit and Jamie Colvard Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk All babies need good health, strong families, and positive early learning experiences to foster their healthy intellectual, social, and emotional development. Unfortunately, far too few young children receive the supports they need to build a strong foundation for future growth. The federal Early Head Start (EHS) program was created in 1994 to address the comprehensive needs of children under age 3 in low-income families and vulnerable low-income pregnant women. Research shows that EHS positively impacts children's cognitive, language, and social-emotional development; family self-sufficiency; and parental support of child development. This report highlights how states are using innovative funding, policies, and partnerships, to expand the critically important EHS program and better meet the needs of more low-income children and pregnant women living in their state.
- Jul 09, 2013 | Child Care and Early Education Served Up: The Child Care Challenges of Restaurant Workers The restaurant industry is tough. Low wages, unpredictable schedules, and long hours are hard enough. Add the stress of finding affordable, high-quality child care during the hours when restaurant employees need it, and working in the industry poses critical challenges to the well-being of the whole family. To enable restaurant workers who are parents to both care for their families and do their jobs effectively, we need stronger work supports and job quality policies like a higher minimum wage, expanded child care assistance, and earned sick leave.
- Dec 13, 2013 | Tom Salyers and Hannah Matthews CLASP Q& A on Budget Deal As pundits dissect the proposed budget deal hammered out by the committee co-chaired by Representative Paul Ryan (R-WI) and Senator Patty Murray (D-WA), CLASP is examining the proposal with a focus on how it affects low-income children, families and individuals. Following are questions about the deal with responses from several CLASP experts.
- Oct 01, 2013 | Hannah Matthews Impact of Government Shutdown On Child Care and Early Education Programs Congress did not enact a continuing resolution bill by midnight September 30, thereby triggering a partial government shutdown effective October 1. We hope that most child care and early education programs will continue operating as usual, but that will depend on how long the shutdown lasts and the circumstances of individual states.
- Sep 11, 2012 | Hannah Matthews At Risk: Early Care and Education Funding and Sequestration Sequestration was created in August 2011 as part of the Budget Control Act of 2011, which ended that year's showdown over raising the federal debt ceiling. Because Congress failed to come up with a deficit reduction plan, the Budget Control Act calls for $1.2 trillion in automatic spending cuts over the next decade, divided equally between defense and "non-defense discretionary" programs. This fact sheet explains how these cuts will impact federal early care and education funding and what can be done to prevent them.
- Aug 23, 2012 | Christine Johnson-Staub Putting it Together: A Guide to Financing Comprehensive Services in Child Care and Early Education This guide provides state policymakers and advocates with strategies to maximize resources and make policy changes that drive funds, resources, and community partners to child care and early education programs to benefit young children and families. Separate from blending and braiding funding streams at the local or program level, the strategies described in this guide focus on state policy decisions that can facilitate the innovative use of funds, encourage partnerships at the state and local level, and replicate promising models from other states.
- Jun 05, 2012 | Christine Johnson-Staub and Stephanie Schmit Home Away From Home: A Toolkit for Planning Home Visiting Partnerships with Family, Friend, and Neighbor Caregivers Home visiting and family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) partnerships hold great opportunity to reach more children with family support services during the critical early years. This tookit provides states with an overview of FFN and home visiting partnerships, a tool to help states explore and establish this type of partnership, and case studies of existing home visiting and FFN partnerships.
- Feb 10, 2012 | Christine Johnson-Staub Promote Access to Early, Regular and Comprehensive Screening Very young children develop in the context of their physical and mental health and the capacity of their families and other caregivers to address the full range of early childhood development. All babies and toddlers in child care need parents, providers, and caregivers supported by and linked to community resources. To support this goal, CLASP recommends that early, regular and comprehensive health, mental health, and developmental screenings and related services are made available at recommended ages for vulnerable infants and toddlers through connections with all infant and toddler providers and caregivers. This document presents research supporting the recommendation to promote access to early, regular, and comprehensive screening.
Jan 23, 2012
| Child Care and Early Education
A Tool Using Data to Inform a State Early Childhood Agenda
This tool is intended for state advocates and policymakers to use as they work to develop a state early childhood agenda. It includes a series of key questions to understand the context and conditions of young children, birth to six, in the state. It also includes questions specific to infants and toddlers.
- Jan 23, 2012 | Hannah Matthews Creating Opportunity Starts with Children As this election year continues to unfold, we'll hear more and more about jobs, creating opportunity and the future of the nation. Children, too, must be part of that dialogue.
Sep 19, 2011
| Child Care and Early Education
Meeting the Early Learning Challenge Paper Series: Child Care Subsidies, QRIS, and ELLs
CLASP's "Meeting the Early Learning Challenge" series provides information and policy options for states as they develop their applications for the Race to the Top - Early Learning Challenge.
- Sep 15, 2011 | Christine Johnson-Staub The Relationship Between Licensing and QRIS: Challenges and Opportunities More than half of the states currently have child care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) up and running, and more are under development. As states develop these promising systems they are grappling with several questions around the relationship between child care licensing and the QRIS rating levels, including: defining program eligibility for QRIS participation, setting standards that align with licensing, deciding how licensing fits into QRIS levels, defining the role of licensing staff in rating and monitoring, and developing strategies for supporting programs through technical assistance. This presentation was given at the 2011 NARA Licensing Seminar in Pittsburg, PA.
Sep 13, 2011
| Danielle Ewen
To Grow the Economy, We Must Pay Attention to Child Poverty
Every day we hear about another economic indicator, another predictor about whether the economy is up or down, in recovery or in decline. But we don't hear about a more pressing indicator of our national health: the poverty status of our children. We don't see the faces of the many children who face tougher odds on the path to adulthood because more and more of them are growing up poor.
Sep 13, 2011
| Hannah Matthews
Paying Attention to Child Poverty
Every day we hear about another economic indicator, another predicator about whether the economy is up or down, in recovery or in decline. But we don't hear about a more pressing indicator of our national health: the poverty status of our children. These key facts are from the U.S. Census Bureau's national estimates of income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in 2010.
Aug 16, 2011
Health Care Reform and Improving Access to Child Care Assistance
New federal guidance will allow Child Care and Development Block Grant programs to benefit from important technological upgrades to eligibility determination systems without sharing in the full costs of their development.
- Jun 14, 2011 | Teresa Lim and Hannah Matthews Expanding Monitoring and Technical Assistance in Infant/Toddler Child Care Settings To protect and promote the growth and development of very young children, providers and caregivers need to demonstrate constant vigilance over signs of potential harm and maintain clean, nurturing spaces. All babies and toddlers in child care need healthy and safe environments in which to explore and learn. To support this goal, CLASP recommends that states conduct routine monitoring of infant and toddler child care in centers and family child care settings at least twice a year, provide technical assistance to help providers with licensing compliance, and use information on provider compliance to inform parents and ensure ongoing improvements in monitoring systems and child care quality.
- Jun 02, 2011 | Elizabeth Hoffmann & Danielle Ewen What State Leaders Should Know About Early Head Start
- Mar 15, 2011 | Hannah Matthews Financing a Birth to Five Program: The Appleton Area School District Model Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, also known as No Child Left Behind or NCLB) funds long have been used to provide preschool services for at-risk children. This paper focuses on the Appleton Area School District (AASD) in Appleton, Wisconsin and their efforts to use Title I funds to finance a comprehensive birth-five program.
- Jan 20, 2011 | Child Care and Early Education Building Comprehensive State Systems for Vulnerable Babies CLASP has developed this resource to help state leaders strategize how to create or improve early childhood systems to meet the needs of vulnerable babies and toddlers, their families, and pregnant women. Every state has the pieces of a comprehensive early childhood system in place. This tool will help state leaders locate and build them into a system that meets the needs of children and families.
- Oct 27, 2010 | Danielle Ewen and Hannah Matthews Adopting 12-Month Subsidy Eligibility: Impacts on Children, Families, and State Child Care Programs Under federal regulations, states have a great deal of flexibility in setting child care assistance policies. Adopting 12-month subsidy eligibility, with limited interim reporting requirements, is one strategy states can implement to promote sustained access to subsidies and continuous care arrangements for children. This paper lays out the associated impacts of adopting an annual redetermination policy on children, parents, and state subsidy systems.
- Aug 31, 2010 | Hannah Matthews and Danielle Ewen Early Education Programs and Children of Immigrants: Learning Each Other's Language This paper was written for the Urban Institute's roundtable on Young Children in Immigrant Families and the Path to Educational Success. It discusses the federal and policy landscape for serving young children of immigrants in early care and education and includes policy recommendations for improving access for immigrant families.
- Apr 19, 2010 | Elizabeth Hoffmann Extending Home Visiting to FFN and FCC - Webinar and Other Materials CLASP hosted a webinar to share findings regarding how major national models of home visiting are including family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) caregivers and family child care providers (FCC). Elizabeth Hoffmann presented findings from CLASP's interview project with national models and other stakeholders, such as detailed considerations for implementing home visiting with FFN and FCC, including matters of curricula, staffing, and service referral. The webinar also reviewed opportunities that result from serving FFN and FCC, concluding with recommendations for states. This webinar was made possible by generous support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation.
- Mar 15, 2010 | Elizabeth Hoffmann A Tool Using Data to Inform a State Infant/Toddler Care Agenda This tool is includes a series of key questions to understand the context and conditions of infants and toddlers in the state, encompassing data on demographics and program/service participation, as well as the details of child care and early education settings in the state. Users can download and save a copy of this tool, then fill in their state's data.
- Jan 21, 2010 | Hannah Matthews and Danielle Ewen FAQ: Using Title I of ESEA for Early Education This paper provides answers to frequently asked questions on using Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act funds on early education.
- Nov 02, 2009 | Child Care and Early Education A Tool to Examine State Child Care Subsidy Policies and Promote Stable, Quality Care for Low-Income Babies and Toddlers This tool, part of CLASP's Charting Progress for Babies in Child Care project, is designed to provide a policy framework that lays out child care subsidy policies that can be implemented to better support babies and toddlers and their families. Users can download and save a copy of this tool, then fill in the appropriate columns with their state's current policies and opportunities for change.
- Jun 23, 2009 | danielle ewen and hannah matthews Early Childhood Education In The ARRA: Opportunities For Helping Low-Income Children And Their Families This presentation highlights funding opportunities in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) for supporting young children and their families, quality early learning experiences, and healthy and supportive communities.
- Jun 01, 2009 | Hannah Matthews and Danielle Ewen Title I And Early Education: Models For Using ARRA Funds This page provides provides information on how Title I can be used for early education, the benefits of using Title I, and illustrative examples of school districts that have used Title I funds to invest in services from infant/toddler programs to pre-kindergarten classes to Head Start collaboration.
- Jul 30, 2008 | Hannah Matthews and Rachel Schumacher Ensuring Quality Care For Low-Income Babies: Contracting Directly With Providers To Expand And Improve Infant And Toddler Care The supply of high-quality infant and toddler child care is limited, particularly for low-income families. While most states provide child care assistance through vouchers or certificates, states have the option of contracting directly with providers to expand infant/toddler care for low-income families. Based on interviews with state policymakers, this paper explains how states are using contracts to create or stabilize care in particular communities or for specific populations; to create child care slots meeting quality standards important for infants and toddlers; to extend the day for infants and toddlers served in Early Head Start; and to improve the quality of infant/toddler family child care.
- May 02, 2007 | Hannah Matthews and Deeana Jang The Challenges Of Change: Learning From The Child Care And Early Education Experiences Of Immigrant Families One of every five children in the United States is the child of an immigrant. Although these children stand to benefit from high-quality child care and early education programs, available data show that they are less likely to participate in all types of non-parental care than children of U.S.-born citizens are. To explore the reasons for the lower participation of children of immigrants, CLASP conducted site visits across the country to learn first hand about the challenges that immigrant families face. CLASP sought out immigrant leaders and direct service providers, immigrant parents, child care and early education providers, and policymakers. This report identifies multiple barriers that impede immigrant families from accessing high-quality child care and early education. It also highlights promising strategies being used in local communities to break down those barriers and to improve child care and early education programs so that they are more responsive to the needs of diverse immigrant families. It concludes with a set of recommendations for federal, state, and local policymakers, advocates, private foundations, and researchers.